NDT Inspection Equipment
Non-destructive testing or NDT inspection equipment is used to detect, inspect, and measure flaws, bond integrity, and other material conditions without permanently altering or destroying the examined part or product.
The primary objective of NDT is to identify characteristic differences, welding defects, cracks, voids, inclusions, and discontinuities in a non-intrusive manner.
In this guide, we will cover the following topics related to NDT inspection equipment:
- The Benefits of Using NDT Inspection Equipment
- Types of NDT Inspection Equipment
- Where is NDT Inspection Equipment Used?
- The Best NDT Inspection Equipment on the Market in 2023
- The Best NDT Inspection Equipment Training Courses 2023
The Benefits of Using NDT Inspection Equipment
NDT inspection equipment offers a range of benefits, including the preservation of original form, enhanced safety and reliability, compliance with regulations, cost savings, asset integrity management, convenience, and non-destructive analysis capabilities.
The following are benefits of using non-destructive inspection equipment:
- Preservation of original form and usefulness
- Safety and reliability
- Compliance with regulations and standards
- Cost savings
- Asset integrity management
- Convenience and efficiency
- Non-destructive analysis
Preservation of Original Form and Usefulness
NDT allows for the inspection, examination, and testing of materials or components without causing any damage to their original form or usefulness. This means that NDT methods can detect flaws, defects, or discontinuities on the surface or subsurface areas while maintaining the serviceability of the component after inspection.
Safety and Reliability
NDT plays a vital role in industries such as aerospace, pipelines, bridges, refineries, oil platforms, and power stations. By preventing failures that could have adverse impacts on safety, reliability, and the environment, NDT helps ensure the integrity of assets and personnel.
Compliance with Regulations and Standards
Implementing NDT procedures throughout the construction process or service life of materials or components helps companies safeguard assets and personnel. It ensures adherence to regulations and standards, which is crucial in industries where safety and quality are paramount.
Detecting defects or flaws early through NDT can prevent catastrophic failures or unsafe conditions that may result in extensive repairs, replacements, or project shutdowns. By identifying potential issues before they escalate, NDT helps avoid significant costs associated with downtime and reactive maintenance.
Asset Integrity Management
NDT is essential for asset integrity management, ensuring the efficiency and durability of equipment. By maintaining the integrity of assets, NDT contributes to better output and profitability for companies.
Convenience and Efficiency
NDT tests can be performed without the need to dismantle or stop the operation of the components being tested. The portable size of NDT equipment makes it convenient for use, even while the equipment is in service. This enhances the efficiency of testing techniques.
Unlike destructive testing methods that require the destruction or damage of a sample to assess its properties, NDT allows for the analysis of materials, components, structures, or systems without causing harm to the original part. This non-destructive nature of NDT is particularly valuable when evaluating valuable or irreplaceable objects.
Uses For NDT Testing
With the quality control offered by NDT equipment from MFE Inspection Solutions, you can spot several structural flaws in many different types of standard construction materials without disassembling the equipment, including:
- Ultrasonic noise testing to scan for shifts in gearboxes and moving machinery
- Leak detection to spot structural flaws in components like pipes and valves
- Radiography scans to gauge the density of sheet materials and webs
Scanning for these flaws, and many others that NDT testing will catch, will help keep your machinery running smoothly without undetected issues.
Types of NDT Inspection Equipment
Using NDT inspection equipment increases the efficiency of inspections and provides valuable technology to improve the data collected in inspections.
Inspection equipment can be operated in different ways, depending on the specific method used. Some instruments are handheld and require manual operation, while others may be mounted on racks, cabinets, or PCBs for automated or semi-automated inspections.
Here are some types of NDT inspection equipment that are used:
- Thickness gauges: Used to measure material thickness, such as coatings or wall thickness in pipes.
- Flaw detectors: Detect and analyze flaws or defects in materials, such as cracks, voids, or inclusions.
- Material condition testers: Assess the condition of materials, including hardness, conductivity, or corrosion.
- Eddy current testers: Uses electromagnetic induction to monitor variations in phases, magnitudes, and patterns of these eddy currents to locate defects such as cracks, corrosion, or changes in material thickness.
- Radiography or x-ray equipment: Utilize radiation to examine the internal structure of objects and detect defects.
- Ultrasonic Testing (UT) instruments: Transmit high-frequency sound waves into materials to detect flaws and measure properties.
- Magnetic Particle Inspection (MPI) equipment: Detect surface and near-surface flaws by applying magnetic fields and magnetic particles.
- Liquid Penetrant Testing (LPT) kits: Identify surface defects by applying a liquid penetrant and observing its indication under UV light.
- Visual inspection tools: Used to visually inspect the condition of assets. There has been a surge of technology, including drones and other robots, that have come on the market to help with these inspections.
It is important for NDT technicians to have a good understanding of the equipment they are working with, including its operating principles, calibration, maintenance requirements, and safety protocols.
Following proper procedures and using reliable equipment is crucial to ensure accurate and reliable inspection results.
Where is NDT Inspection Equipment Used?
NDT inspection equipment is used to assess the integrity and quality of various assets without causing damage to the original part. These assets can belong to a wide range of industry sectors and include different types of materials, components, structures, and systems.
Here are some examples of assets that are commonly inspected using NDT inspection equipment:
- Industrial equipment
- Aerospace components
- Automotive parts
- Infrastructure and construction
- Oil and gas facilities
- Power generation facilities
- Manufacturing processes
- Power generation facilities
- Medical equipment
- Manufacturing processes
It’s important to note that the applications of NDT are extensive and not limited to the examples provided above. NDT inspection equipment is used in many other industries and sectors where the assessment of asset integrity and quality is essential for safe and reliable operations.
NDT is extensively used to inspect industrial equipment such as pressure vessels, pipelines, tanks, boilers, heat exchangers, valves, pumps, and storage tanks. These inspections help detect defects, corrosion, and structural weaknesses that may compromise the safety and performance of the equipment.
NDT plays a crucial role in the aerospace industry to ensure the safety and reliability of aircraft components. Aircraft engines, wings, fuselages, landing gear, and other critical parts undergo NDT inspections to identify cracks, defects, or material degradation that could compromise the structural integrity and airworthiness of the aircraft.
NDT inspections are performed on automotive components like engine blocks, transmission parts, chassis, suspension systems, and brake components. These inspections help detect flaws, discontinuities, or material defects that could impact the performance, durability, and safety of the vehicles.
Infrastructure and Construction
NDT is employed to inspect infrastructure assets such as bridges, tunnels, dams, buildings, and concrete structures. The inspections aim to identify structural weaknesses, cracks, voids, or deterioration that could lead to structural failures or safety hazards.
Oil and Gas Facilities
NDT inspections are vital in the oil and gas industry to assess the integrity of pipelines, storage tanks, offshore platforms, refineries, and other critical equipment. These inspections help detect corrosion, weld defects, leaks, and other forms of degradation that may result in environmental risks, operational disruptions, or safety incidents.
Power Generation Facilities
NDT is utilized in power plants, including nuclear, thermal, and renewable energy facilities, to inspect turbines, generators, boilers, condensers, heat exchangers, and other components. The inspections aim to identify defects, cracks, or material degradation that could impact the efficiency, reliability, and safety of the power generation process.
NDT inspections are performed on medical devices and equipment, such as X-ray machines, MRI scanners, ultrasound equipment, and implants, to ensure their proper functioning and reliability. These inspections help detect any defects or malfunctions that could affect patient care and safety.
NDT is employed during the manufacturing of various products to ensure quality control and compliance with industry standards. It helps detect flaws, defects, or irregularities in materials, welds, or assemblies before the final product is released.
The Best NDT Inspection Equipment on the Market in 2023
NDT inspection technicians strive to use the best NDT inspection equipment to ensure accuracy, reliability, efficiency, compliance with standards, and the ability to leverage the latest advancements in inspection technology.
These factors collectively contribute to maintaining the integrity, safety, and quality of inspected materials, components, and structures.
Here is the best NDT inspection equipment on the market in 2023:
- Flaw Detectors
- Acoustic Imagers
- XRF Elemental Analyzers
- NDT Drones
- Eddy Current Flaw Detectors
- Gas Detection Cameras
- NDT Ground Robotics
- Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)
- Hardness Testers
- Holiday Testers
- Infrared (IR) Cameras
- Material Testing Equipment
- Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) Scanners
- Mobile Optical Emission Spectrometers (OES)
- Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges
A flaw detector is an NDT inspection equipment device used to identify and locate flaws or defects in various materials without causing damage.
Flaw detectors use ultrasonic or eddy current testing techniques to inspect the integrity of the material being tested.
An acoustic imager is a specialized device used for detecting and locating various issues such as leaks, partial discharge, and Corona problems in different systems.
It uses a combination of highly sensitive microphones, algorithms, and visual imaging technology to convert sound signals into visual representations, allowing technicians to pinpoint the exact source of a problem, even in noisy environments.
XRF Elemental Analyzers
An XRF Elemental Analyzer, also known as X-ray Fluorescence Elemental Analyzer, is a device used for elemental analysis of various materials.
It uses X-ray fluorescence spectrometry to determine the elemental composition of a sample without touching or damaging it.
NDT drones, also known as unmanned aerial systems (UAS) or unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), are specially designed NDT inspection equipment drones.
These drones use advanced technology to perform inspections in various industries, including oil and gas, infrastructure, energy, utilities, and more.
Eddy Current Flaw Detectors
Eddy current flaw detectors use electromagnetic induction to detect flaws in conductive materials. They work by generating alternating currents in a test coil, which in turn induces eddy currents in the material.
Flaws or defects in the material cause disruptions in the induced currents, which can be detected and analyzed by the flaw detector. Eddy current flaw detectors are commonly used for surface and near-surface defect detection in metallic parts
Gas Detection Cameras
A gas detection camera, also known as an optical gas imaging (OGI) camera, is a specialized device used to detect and visualize the presence of various gasses in an area.
It is designed to enhance the safety and efficiency of gas leak detection processes in industries such as oil and gas, chemical, power generation, and manufacturing.
NDT Ground Robotics
NDT ground robotics refer to the use of robotic systems for NDT applications on the ground. These robots are designed to perform inspections and evaluations of various structures and components without causing damage.
They are equipped with NDT sensors and advanced technology to carry out inspections in complex environments efficiently and accurately.
Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)
Ground Penetrating Radar is a geophysical method used in NDT to investigate and image the subsurface. It uses radar pulses, typically high-frequency radio waves in the range of 10 MHz to 2.6 GHz, to detect and analyze reflected signals from subsurface structures.
The technique is non-intrusive and can be employed in various media such as rock, soil, ice, fresh water, pavements, and structures.
Hardness testers are instruments used to measure the hardness of a material, which is its resistance to indentation.
The results obtained from hardness testing provide valuable information about the material’s mechanical properties, such as strength, wear-resistance, and ductility
Holiday testers are specialized NDT inspection equipment tools used to detect discontinuities in painted or coated surfaces. They are also known as holiday detectors or porosity detectors.
The purpose of holiday testing is to identify coating flaws, such as pinholes, voids, or other defects that could lead to premature corrosion if left undetected.
Infrared (IR) Cameras
Infrared cameras, also known as thermographic cameras or thermal imaging cameras, are devices that create images using infrared radiation. They operate on the principle that all objects emit infrared energy, also known as heat signatures.
Unlike traditional cameras that capture images using visible light, infrared cameras detect and measure the infrared energy emitted by objects.
Material Testing Equipment
Material Testing Equipment refers to a range of instruments and machines used to determine the physical and mechanical properties of various materials, including but not limited to raw materials and components such as steel, composites, ceramics, plastics, rubber, packaging materials, automotive parts, medical devices, metals, paper, textiles, electronics, and building materials.
These testing machines are designed to make accurate and repeatable force measurements within a specific range, typically from 0.1 N to 300 kN (0.0225 lbf – 67443 lbf). They are used in quality control, production, laboratory research and development (R&D), and educational settings.
Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) Scanners
MFL scanners are a type of NDT inspection equipment technology used to detect corrosion and pitting in steel structures, particularly pipelines and storage tanks.
The basic principle behind MFL is to use a powerful magnet to magnetize the steel being inspected. In locations with corrosion or metal loss, the magnetic field escapes from the steel.
Mobile Optical Emission Spectrometers (OES)
Mobile optical emission spectrometers are portable instruments used for metals analysis in various industrial applications. These spectrometers utilize the principle of optical emission spectroscopy to determine the elemental composition of metallic samples.
They are designed to provide precise analysis and material identification in demanding environments.
Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges
Ultrasonic Thickness Gauges are NDT inspection equipment that determine the thickness of materials, particularly solid elements such as metals. These gauges utilize ultrasonic waves to perform measurements without requiring access to both sides of the test piece.
By emitting an ultrasonic wave from a transducer and recording the time it takes for the wave to return after reflecting from the surface, the gauge can calculate the local thickness of the material based on the known velocity of sound in the given sample.
The Best NDT Inspection Equipment Training Courses 2023
NDT techniques and equipment are constantly evolving, and staying updated with the latest advancements is essential for professional growth.
The best training courses provide comprehensive knowledge and hands-on experience to develop your skills in operating and interpreting results from NDT inspection equipment.
To find the best NDT inspection equipment training courses, consider factors such as the training provider’s reputation, course curriculum, industry recognition, hands-on practice opportunities, and availability of certifications.
It is also beneficial to seek recommendations from industry professionals and review testimonials or case studies. By investing in high-quality training, you enhance your expertise and contribute to the overall quality and safety of NDT inspections.
Here are the best NDT inspection equipment training courses of their kind:
- Infrared Training Courses: Infrared training courses typically cover various aspects of infrared thermography and its applications, including fundamental knowledge, infrared applications, thermal imager setup and operations, safety, data collection and analytics, and certification.
- Drone Training Courses: Participating in drone training courses can provide you with valuable skills and knowledge related to drone operations. While the specific content and curriculum may vary across different training providers, here are some common topics that drone training courses typically cover: drone flight maneuvers, drone maintenance, drone components, and regulations and safety procedures.
- MFL Training Courses: Magnetic Flux Leakage training courses provide comprehensive knowledge and skills related to the application of MFL technology for inspection purposes. Technicians would typically learn MFL tool configurations, corrosion defect geometry and signal amplitude, inspection variables, how to analyze MFL inspection results, and other MFL applications in the training course.
- PMI Training Courses: PMI training courses provide valuable knowledge and skills related to project management. The specific content of PMI training courses can vary depending on the focus and industry. The main aspects covered in PMI training courses include foundations of project management, project team, leadership, and communication, specialized courses, and professional development.
Investing in the best NDT inspection equipment allows technicians and inspection teams to stay ahead of technological advancements. As technology evolves, new inspection methods, equipment, and software are developed, offering enhanced capabilities and improved efficiency.
By utilizing cutting-edge equipment, technicians can adapt to emerging industry trends, leverage the benefits of technological advancements, and provide accurate inspections in line with evolving requirements.
About MFE Inspection Solutions
MFE Inspection Solutions provides NDT inspection equipment for industrial applications. Having been a service provider for 29 years, MFE has vetted the best inspection equipment on the market. MFE offers calibrations, repairs, and training—a full-service solution that ensures technology understanding and adoption.
MFE’s team is made up of inspectors, technicians, engineers, and trainers who have a comprehensive understanding of the industries we serve and the solutions we offer.
When you get your inspection solutions from MFE, you will have the confidence that the tool in your hand is the best tool for the job, all while maintaining safety and reducing downtimes.
MFE’s NDT inspection equipment is accurate, dependable, and meets industry standards.
PipeMaster 200′ & 400′
2412 Mark II
Jireh Tripod Wall Crawler
Olympus OmniScan MX2 | 16:128
Olympus EPOCH 600
GE DMS 2 with Transducer
Olympus 45 MG
Olympus 38DL Plus
Eddyfi Ectane 2
Olympus Nortec 500D
Proceq Equotip 3
Proceq Equotip 2
GE MIC 10
GE MIC 20
Niton XL3t 980 GOLDD+
Niton XL3t 800
Fischer FMP 30 Deltascope
Fischer FMP 30 Feritscope
Tinker & Rasor AP/W
3E NDT 4 & 5 Step Callibration Blocks
Oxford Instruments PMI-Master Smart
MFE Enterprises – Mark III Tank Floor Scanner
MFE Enterprises – 1212 Mark II EdgeScan
MFE Enterprises – HSR Crawler
MFE Enterprises – HPX Wall Crawler
DJI Zenmuse XT – FLIR
TSP Vacuum Boxes
Thermo Scientific Niton XL2 800 PMI Gun
GB Inspection Systems Probes and Wedges
Mark IV Tank Floor Scanner
Olympus EPOCH 650 Ultrasonic Flaw Detector
Olympus OmniScan MX2 | 32:128
FLIR E75 – Thermal Imaging Camera
Brinell – Telebrineller System
Proceq Equotip 550